Tuesday, July 3, 2007

China’s newest nonlinear of sight weapon system

In 4th CPEX (China Police Expo) held in Beijing, Chinese companies just opened two kinds of nonlinear of sight tactic weapon systems: HD66 and CF06, which are based on QSZ92 9 mm pistol and co-developed by Chongqing Changfeng Machinery Co Ltd and Shanghai Sea Shield Technologies Company.

The HD66 weapon system including: QSZ92 9 mm pistol, fire module, double safety part, CCD module, video processing module, Ocular displaying module, illuminating module (including a video cam, a Laser dazzle sight and a Infrared illuminating spotlight), weapon correction system, radio signal transmitting/receiving module and supply power. Most of CF66 system is same with HD66’s, but CF66 uses red-dot-sight, reflector and daylight/night sight for shooting. Mr. Qing Shangsheng, the chief designer of HD66 and CF06 systems, explained that the CF66 is just applicable in some extremely cold areas where the electronic parts, e.g CCD, can not work.

Chinese weapon makers may notice the striking similitude between their nonlinear of sight tactic weapon system and Israel CornerShot. Chinese designer insisted that HD66 and CF66 are totally designed without outside assistants and their performance is better than CornerShot:

·HD 66 has an improved pistol mounting method than Cornershot’s 2 pressing plates to provide a higher shooting accuracy. Cornershot’s mount adapter has 2 pressing plates to clamp weapon and it needs time to correct after reload weapon. And HD 66 mount stock has slot joint with pistol’s detent and locks the pistol by positioning pin.

·HD 66 has a better man-machine interface, such as people can search the object in proper eye alignment with the Ocular displaying scope and cheek pad.

·Software weapon correction to replace mechanical aimpoint adjustment.

·The signal transmitting/receiving system can help to organize 4 people’s coordinated attack to provide a greater firepower.

·Ocular displaying scope has more combat concealment consideration than Cornershot’s LCD display, which possibly exposes the shooter by the screen glisten.

hoooooooo, Chinese people's Cornershot!!!!!!!!
But who can tell me how to insert a data table in the post?

Tomorrow continue...

NORINCO's New Type 90-II ARV

Now PLA Army's new MBT and tracked vehicles are turning to be heavier and more complex. So NORINCO recently released its newest Type 90-II ARV (armored recovery vehicle) for the PLA army and international military engineering vehicle market.

The type 90-II ARV is based on Type 90-II tank chassis and equipped with professional recovery facilities and repairing tools. Type 90-II ARV power system is distinguished with other ARV vehicles. Besides the 882KW motor, Type 90-II ARV has an independent 118kw accessorial power. So the main motor can be shut down during the recovery operation, which is played by accessorial power. Type 90-II ARV even can be recovered by itself and has a longer life than other competitors.

Type 90-II ARV performance and specifications:

Max towing capacity: 50 tons in off-road condition
Max recovery winch capacity: 82 tons
Boom crane capacity: 25 tons (booming tank turret under 15 tons)
Digging capacity: 125 cubic meter/hour
Transportation capacity: 1.5 tons in short distance

Crew number: 5
Combat weight: 48 tons
Dimensions: Length: 8.33m; Width: 3.4 m; Height: 2.4 m
Max speed: 69.2 km/h
Max range: 500 km
Engine: 1200 hp
NBC protection: limited
Defense armament: One 12.7 mm antiaircraft machine gun, smoke grenade launcher

mmmmmm....add photos later

Stirling Engine used in PLA newest conventional Submarine

(other news story used by Jane's Defense Weekly in May, possibly)
In March 2007, Science & Technology Daily, One of China official newspapers, publish a news story, which showed that China has used Stirling Engine as AIP power for PLA navy newest Type 039A conventional Submarines.

The background of “Science & Technology Daily” showed that it has deep relations with China governmental Sci & Tech organizations, including the COSTIND (commission of science technology and industry for national defense). Type 039A is the so-called “Yuan” class submarine named by western countries.

The news story unleashed that the Project of Stirling Engine AIP is run by No.711 research institute under CSIC (China Shipbuilding Industry Corporation). And in 2007 the of project successfully won the first class prize of State Science and Technology Advancement Award (J-10 Fighter is given the special award).

The father of Chinese edition Stirling Engine is Dr. Jin Donghan (金东寒). In China, He is the first people with Doctor degree in Stirling engine research area. And the research on kinds of AIP powers for conventional submarines can be traced to early 1980s.

To fulfill the strategies of “liberating Taiwan” and “Breaking through the US-Japan Blanking off”, PLA navy needs powerful submarine fleets to fight against submarine and anti-submarine forces of US and Japan. However, lots of aged conventional submarines can not realize those tasks.

PLA admitted that the stealth level is very important in judging a submarine’s performance. Of course China can not stand a full-nuclear submarine force like U.S navy, so PLA has always been focusing on AIP powers, such as Closed Cycle Diesel AIP, Stirling Engine AIP and Fuel Cell AIP. Besides, Huang Xuhua, the designer of “Han” class nuclear submarine, even believed that the mini nuclear reactor is the best choice.

Some other resources likely proved that some pre-research activities have begun in those areas since 1980s. After almost 15 years, PLA navy has made rational selection: the nuclear reactor is expensive; fuel cell’s safety is unstable and it is an unpractical goal to China’s technologies; the CCD AIP’s disadvantage is higher noise.

For 10 years (from 1991 to 2000), No.711 Research Institute has made the most excellent achievements. In 1998, Jin Donghan and his team made China’s first theoretic demonstrating Stirling Engine, which power is 75KW. Unlike ROK and Australia, China has solved related technological and engineering difficulties in Stirling Engine. In 2002, Jin Donghan’s team worked out an engineering demonstrator. After 20,000 hours’ testing, China’s own Stirling Engine was installed in China’s Type 039A submarine in 2004.
China’s fruition in Stirling Engine can not be realized without substantial investment for years. From 1991 to 1996, the annual investment is only 70,000 RMB and from 2000 to 2005, the number changed to 10 million RMB.

China expands space reconnaissance power rapidly

(my previous news story publish in Jane's Defense Weekly)

China successful launched "Yaogan-2" satellite on last Friday and this event has disclosed that China is expanding its reconnaissance satellite system in full speed. April 27th last year, "Yaogan-1" satellite was launched.
Actually, the name "Taogan" (Remote-Sensing) is a modified designation for opening news. As matter of fact, the "Yaogan-1" satellite is JB (JianBing)-5 SAR reconnaissance satellite, which produced by N0.8 Research Institute of China Aerospace
Science and Technology Corporation(CASC); and the "Yaogan-2" is JB-6(FWS-2) digital imaging spy satellite made by CASC's N0.5 Research Institute.

The family of JianBing series satellite can be traced to 1975 and now exists for 32 years. Before 2006, China has totally launched 25 JB spy satellites with 4 generations, including JB-1 (No.1-No3 recoverable satellites, 3 days
life), JB-1A(No.4-No.9 returnable satellite, 5 days life), JB-1B(No.10,No.11,No12,No14,No15 returnable satellites, 8 days life), JB-2(No.13,No.16,No.17 returnable satellites, 15 days on orbit), JB-3(ZY-2 3 satellites , 2-3 years life) and JB-4 (No.18-No.22 returnable satellites, 27 days life).

JB-3 is a testing space SAR system and includes 3 stars. JB-3 has become an experimental platform of distributed military SBR (Space Based Radar), which is listed in the national "863" projects. JB-5 is China's first practicable Space real-time SAR reconnaissance satellite. And JB-6 is China's most advanced decimeter-level digital imagine reconnaissance satellite, which uses China's Off-axis Three-mirror Reflective Optical System and high-speed real-time
motion picture compressing encoding technology. This encoding technology will later used in lunar observing, Shenzhou-7 partner micro satellite and HuanJing-1 (Circumstance-1 or HJ-1) 2+1 constellation.

HJ-1 is a back-up for JB satellites, including 2 small imaging spy satellites and 1 SAR satellite. The primary star will be launched in the latter half of 2007. HJ-1 system is a formation flying and distributing constellation for tracing aircraft carrier group. China's plan is to build a 4+4 constellation through international cooperation. Finally HJ-1 can help partner countries to monitor the naval forces on their peripheral sea area. Iran, Pakistan, Brazil and Egypt are probably the potential clients of China.

According to schedule, China will launch JB-7 SAR satellite in 2008 and JB-8 imaging satellite in 2009. In 2010 when China in 11th five-year-plan, the 2nd generation SAR satellite will carried to space by LM-4D rocket.

China has pay much on PLA military satellites. Besides reconnaissance satellites, China has designed ST-1 (Chinasat-20) strategic Communication satellite, FH-1 (Chinasat-20) tactic communication satellite, BD/compass guidance satellite, TL-1 Data Reply satellite. From the launching of Nigeria Communication satellite, it is obvious that China will have power to bring more developing countries into military satellite club.

PLA invests 8 Billion US$ on new generation uniform

Just before 80th anniversary of PLA foundation, Type 2007 military uniform will begin to replace current Type 87 and Type 97 uniform in PLA forces. The issuing time of new uniform is from August 1st 2007 to December 2009

In the just finished 6th Singapore Asia Security summit (Sixth Shangri-La Dialogue), Lieutenant General Zhang Qinsheng, Deputy Chief of the PLA General Staff, said that the research and production of new type 07 uniform costs 8 billion US dollars. And it means that the PLA will spend 24500 RMB (over 3000 $) on every soldier or officer.

The Type 07 uniform is developed by PLA Logistics Munitions & Equipments Research Institute (LMERI) and is based on Type 97 uniform designed for PLA Hang Kong Troops. This great reform of PLA uniform includes dress, ordinary duty uniform, camouflaged uniform and decoration accessories.

The significant improvement in this alternation is to provide dress uniform for officers. The dress uniforms have dress for officers and ceremonial dress for three forces honor guard. It is a variety of parade uniforms and the materials is greatly improved than before. The dress uniform has three colors: pine green (Army), White (Navy) and Deep Gray Blue(Air Force). PLA has accepted the cold color trend in world wide military uniform.

The ordinary duty uniform is divided into spring-autumn season, winter season and summer season. For navy's international visiting, the navy ordinary duty uniform color is changed to golden white and the rank is worn on the sleeve for the first time.

Type 07 uniform's camouflaged uniform has 4 categories: forest combat Camouflage, desert combat Camouflage, urban combat Camouflage and oceanic combat Camouflage.

In order to increasing service people dignity and proud, the new generation uniform contain sorts of decorations and tags, including identity tag, meritorious service tag and aiguillette for officer uniform; service tag for soldier uniform; metal collar insignia and breast tag worn in summer duty uniform.

The looking of Type 07 uniform shows that Chinese modern military uniform is being improved to western style and erased the so-called features of "revolutionary"

Comparing with US military uniform’s opening bidding and R&D by private companies, on the contrary, the previous uniforms in PLA were usually developed by LMERI and produced in state-owned military clothing factories. But the birth of Type 07 uniform is involved with several domestic well-known cloth designers. The production however still close door to Chinese powerful and efficient private clothing firms.

The appearance of new uniform is under the plan of PLA General Logistics Department (GID). GID’s “Armed Forces Logistics Construction Plan before Year 2010” clearly announced that new dress uniform, new camouflage combat uniform will be issued to armed forces before 2010. Some other resources show that the new uniform is one of the steps for the Urgent Response Combat in sensitive period from 2008 to 2009.